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What is Energy Audit?

The energy audit is the translation of conservation ideas and hopes into reality, by lending technically feasible solutions with economic and other organizational considerations within a specified time frame.

The primary objective of the energy audit is to determine ways to reduce energy consumption per unit of product output or to lower operating costs. The energy audit provides a benchmark, or reference point, for managing and assessing energy use across the organization and provides the basis for ensuring more effective use of energy.

“The verification, monitoring and analysis of use of energy including submission of technical report containing recommendations for improving energy efficiency with cost benefit analysis and an action plan to reduce energy consumption”


Benefits

  • Reduce energy consumption costs
  • Set energy conservation goals
  • Identify areas where energy wastes can occur
  • Relate energy consumption to production
  • Improved process/ equipment efficiencies
  • Identify and recommend energy saving opportunities

Procedure

  1. Initial site visit will be conducted by the DOST EA Team that may take one day. The main aims of this visit are:
  2. To finalize energy audit team
  3. To identify the main energy-consuming areas/plant items to be surveyed during the audit.
  4. To identify any existing instrumentation or additional metering that may be required.
  5. To identify the instrumentation required for carrying out the audit.
  6. To plan the time frame.

Depending on the nature and complexity of the site, a detailed energy audit can take from several days to weeks to complete. During detailed energy audit the DOST EA Team accompanied by the company’s engineering/ production staff will identify the energy consumption by type of energy, by department and by major items of process equipment. It also evaluates all energy-using systems.


Technical Services

The Department of Science and Technology CALABARZON (DOST CALABARZON) and Southern Tagalog Consortium for Industry & Energy Research & Development (STCIERD) recognizes the benefits of conducting an energy audit as a tool for productivity improvement in industry and their competitiveness as well as environmental protection.
Technical Services Being Offered:

  • Energy Audit
  • Complete Facility
  • Energy-Intensive Equipment
  • Boiler Systems
  • Dryers
  • Kiln and Furnace
  • Electric Motors
  • Pumps and Fans
  • Air Compressors
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems
  • Chillers
  • Cooling Towers
  • Air Handling Units
  • Buildings/Malls/Hotels

Safety is a basic requirement of food quality. Food contamination and poisoning can occur at any stage from farm to fork. Rapid urbanization and globalization of food manufacturing and trade increase the likelihood of incidents involving contaminated and adulterated food. Hundreds of people in our local area fall ill every year and many suffer death as a result of consuming unsafe food.

In this regard, Food Safety has been one of the flagship programs of DOST CALABARZON. This program aims to provide technical assistance to the SMEs in the region. Realizing the expanse of this task, DOST strategized to augment its manpower by developing Food Safety Team (FST) from the different provinces of the region.

DOST CALABARZON have enhanced the capability of State Colleges and Universities and Local Government Units, as well as other government agencies, in terms of food safety system. The intensive training of the participants is designed to attract technical persons who can provide regular consultancy services to food industry including food manufacturers, food service units, and street food vendors. Technical consultancy includes the following: Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP), and ISO 22000:2005 Food Safety Management System (FSMS).

Services Offered:

Seminar-Workshop on Basic Food Hygiene and GMP

  • This seminar focuses on the standards set by the Philippine Food and Drug Administration (FDA). GMP regulations require that the processes by which products are made, as well as the final products, are safe.
  • The following outlines the content of this seminar-workshop:

 

  1. GMP Organization. The company should have an adequate number of personnel at all levels having knowledge, skill and capabilities relevant to their assigned functions, to be able to execute their duties.

  2. Training of personnel. All employees who are directly involved in the manufacturing or preparation activities should be trained in the particular operations they perform in accordance to the principles of GMP.

  3. Premises. GMP guidelines on the following will be discussed:

    1. Grounds
    2. Plant, buildings, structures
    3. Equipments

  4. Sanitation and Hygiene. GMP guidelines on the following will be discussed:
    1. Personnel
    2. Education and training
    3. Supervision
    4. Sanitary facilities
    5. Maintenance and sanitation

  5. Production and Process Controls. All operations in the receiving, inspecting, transporting, segregating, preparing, manufacturing, packaging, and storing of food should be conducted in accordance with adequate sanitation principles.

  6. Quality Control. A quality control system should be established to ensure that products contain the correct materials of specified quality and quantity and are manufactured under proper conditions.

  7. Documentation. All documents related to the manufacture and operations should ne prepared, reviewed, approved, and distributed according the written procedures.

  8. Quality audits. A quality audit is consists of an examination and assessment of all or part of a quality system with the specific purpose of improving it.

  9. Warehousing and distribution. Even in food storage and distribution, there should be appropriate procedures for sanitary handling.


Seminar-Workshop on HACCP

  • This seminar focuses on the use of HACCP approach on controlling critical points in food handling to prevent food safety problems. It is a system for identifying specific hazards and preventive measures for their control.
  • The following outlines the content of this seminar-workshop:


LESSON 1. GMP Review. The basic food safety principles and good manufacturing practices guidelines will be revisited prior discussion of the HACCP principles.

LESSON 2. Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs). The SSOP does not change the way sanitation is practiced in the plant; it simply documents what the personnel have been doing successfully for some time. In this lesson, the eight sanitary conditions will be discussed.

LESSON 3. Assemble a HACCP Team. Assembling a multidisciplinary team gives assurance that the appropriate product specific knowledge and expertise is available for the development of an effective HACCP plan.

LESSON 4. Describe product. A full description of the product should be drawn up including relevant safety information.

LESSON 5. Identify intended use. The intended use should be based on the expected uses of the product by the end user or consumer.

LESSON 6. Construct flow diagram. The flow diagram – which covers all the steps in the operation – should be constructed by the HACCP team.

LESSON 7. On-site confirmation of the flow diagram. The HACCP team should confirm the processing operation against the flow diagram and revise it where appropriate.

LESSON 8. List all potential hazards associated with each step, conduct a hazard analysis, and consider any measures to control identified hazards (Principle 1). The team should list all of the hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur. Then they should conduct a hazard analysis to identify which hazards are of such a nature that the elimination or reduction to acceptable levels is important of a safe food. After these, applicable control measures for each hazard must be considered.

LESSON 9. Determine CCP (Principle 2). There could be more than one CCP at which control is applied to address the same hazard. In this lesson, the use of decision tree and/or other approaches will be practiced.

LESSON 10. Establish critical limits for each CCP (Principle 3). Critical limits must be specified and validated if possible for each CCP.

LESSON 11. Establish a monitoring system for each CCP (Principle 4). The monitoring procedures must be able to detect loss of control at the CCP.

LESSON 12. Establish corrective actions (Principle 5). In this lesson, specific corrective actions must be developed for each CCP in the HACCP system in order to deal with deviations when they occur.

LESSON 13. Establish verification procedures (Principle 6). In this lesson, establish procedures for verification that can be used to determine if the HACCP system is working correctly.

LESSON 14. Establish documentation and record keeping (Principle 7). In this lesson, discussion will be on efficient and accurate record keeping which is essential to the application of a HACCP system.

 

Seminar-Workshop Towards Understanding ISO 22000:2005

  • This seminar focuses on the international standard that specifies the requirements for a food safety management system which involves interactive communication, system management, prerequisite programs and HACCP principles.
  • The following outlines the content of this seminar-workshop:
  1. Introduction to ISO 22000:2205. Defining ISO 22000 and how was this developed. This will also explain what an institution needs to do to build a 22000 Food Safety Management System.

  2. The Process Approach. For an organization to function effectively and efficiently, it has to identify and manage numerous linked activities. This part discusses the advantage of this approach over the linkage between the individual processes.

  3. ISO 22000:2005 Technical Specification. Prior to establishing FSMS, an organization must first comply with several prerequisite programs.

  4. Understanding ISO 22000:2005 Clauses. A detailed discussion on the mandatory requirements of FSMS.

  5. Internal Audit. Discussion on the checklist of internal audit components and documents required to be able to comply with the different FSMS audit levels.

 

Consultancy and Assessment/Audit

FST CALABARZON provides assistance on GMP/HACCP/ISO 22000 documentation and assessment of the organization on their compliance with the standard.

 

Related Articles:
DOST CALABARZON Food Safety Project
Development of DOST Regional Offices Food Safety Teams (FST)

MPEX assists small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing sector to attain higher productivity. Field teamscomposed of individual engineers and productivity experts to undertake productivity consultancy services in various firms throughout the country.

Who may avail?

Firms may apply directly to DOST-TAPI or may be endorsed by industry associations, DOST Region IV-A or DTI. MPEX teams may also recommend firms for inclusion in the program.

MPEX is open to firms classified under the following sectors:

  1. Agro and Food Processing;
  2. Furniture;
  3. Garments;
  4. Gifts-Toys-House wares (GTH);
  5. Information Technology;
  6. Material based (wood, bamboo, minerals, leather);
  7. Metals and engineering; and
  8. Micro-electronics.

STEVPP aims to bring scientists and experts to the countryside. It provides free technical assistance to groups/associations in need. The volunteer pool hopes not only to fast track technology transfer and commercialization, but more importantly, bring S&T practitioners closer to their clients. It operates through the following strategies:

  1. Harnessing available expertise within the country's scientific and academic communities and professional associations;
  2. Linking technology generators directly with users; and
  3. Mobilizing S&T human resources in the private sector to facilitate technology transfer and commercialization.

STEVPP is enjoining Scientists, researchers, engineers affiliated with colleges and universities, private industries and research institutions who are acknowledged specialists in their fields to form part of the experts’ pool. Volunteer experts are required to fill-up a capsule bio-data which shall provide information on his/her field of specialization and availability.

Members of the pool shall be tasked to assist in the following priority areas:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Aquaculture/Fishery
  3. Biotechnology
  4. Calibration
  5. Chemicals, plastics, industrial minerals, polymers and pharmaceuticals
  6. Engineering
  7. Energy
  8. Environment
  9. Food science and technology
  10. Food/Feed processing
  11. Forestry
  12. Industrial materials
  13. Information technology processing
  14. Machine/Equipment design and fabrication
  15. S&T curriculum and material development
  16. Textile

Coverage of experts’ assistance

Experts shall be tasked to respond to requests that are:

  1. S&T related only. Priority is given to requests such as consultancy services, forum, technical assistance, trainings, demonstrations, and seminar-workshops.
  2. Short term requiring three to five days assignment. The program provides the travel expenses of expert which include airfare, poterage and terminal fee, bus/taxi/boat fares and P200/day travel allowance.

For very urgent requests, requesting party may be required to advance the expert's airfare which may be reimbursed upon submission of required documents. A counterpart fund is also required from requesting party to cover food and accommodation expenses of the expert.


Who may avail?

Private industries, academe, cooperatives, government, and non-government organizations, professional and scientific association, rural and urban communities, inventors, and other interested clients.

CAPE aims to institute effective management strategies to improve agricultural productivity in farms. It provides assistance to farm owners who are engaged in:

  1. Aquaculture (prawn, milkfish, mudcrab, tilapia, etc.);
  2. Horticulture (vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, plantation crops, etc.);
  3. Livestock production; and
  4. Poultry production.

How to avail of the CAPE Assistance?

Interested farmers, farmer cooperatives, NGOs, and LGUs, may submit a request for assistance endorsed by the DOST Regional Office to DOST-TAPI. The request should include:

  • Background information about the farm (including hectarage);
  • Type of technical assistance needed; and
  • Expertise required.

CAPE consultancy teams may also recommend farms for inclusion in the program. Participation to the program is free of charge. However, full commitment and cooperation from farm owners are required specially in sharing relevant information with the study team.